Localised prostate prostate cancer refers to prostate cancer that has spread to areas outside the prostate gland, but remains in the prostate region, that is in the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles.

As with all treatments choosing a treatment for localised prostate cancer, or cancer that is described as T1 or T2, depends on the individual's circumstances – such as his age, stage and grade of cancer. In general patients have the choice of surgery, a radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy or watchful waiting.

A radical prostatectomy can be done in a number of different ways including open surgery and robotic surgery and is the removal of the prostate and the seminal vesicle. The aim is to remove the cancer and not damage the adjacent tissue whilst achieving the trifecta – cure, continence and potency as well as minimal complications.