Prostate Cancer

PSMA PET/CT Scanning

PSMA PET scanning is a relatively new diagnostic technology that greatly assists in localising the extent of prostate cancer. It can do this not only in the area of the prostate but also in the lymph glands and bones. As a result, therapy can be targeted more appropriately. PSMA PET/CT scanning is much more accurate […]

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Multiparametric MRI

Recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have improved the ability of MRI to detect tumours, stage cancer and help in management decisions. They are also helping to more accurately target biopsies. What has changed in MRI imaging to make it so accurate? MRI has advanced recently so that not only can we look at

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Cystoscopy is an endoscopic procedure where a tube is inserted into the urethra through the opening at the end of the penis. It allows me to visually examine the complete length of the urethra and the bladder for polyps, strictures, abnormal growths and other problems. Why is the test is performed? How does the test

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Volume Assessment

Urodynamic studies are performed to examine and assess the function and/or dysfunction of the lower urinary tract. Urinary assessment takes about 30-45 minutes to perform, and causes little discomfort. If cystoscopy is also performed the assessment takes approximately 60 minutes. Urodynamic investigation usually includes: Why is it performed? Urodynamic assessment is perfotrmed to objectively assess

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Stage and Grade

The current Gleason grading system recognises three patterns or grades of cancer. These are given a number 3 to 5. However, the pattern of any one cancer can be mixed and the prognosis for any patient depends upon this mixed pattern. The two most common patterns are each given a separate number and then the

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PSA Testing

Screening for prostate cancer attempts to diagnose serious cancers in those without symptoms earlier and improves the cure rate. Prostate Specific Antigen, also known as PSA is a simple blood test that is often used in the screening of prostate cancer. Individuals may request PSA screening or be selected for screening when they present with

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Screening and Diagnosis

Prostate cancer can be cured if detected and treated early. It is recommended that men at 50 with no family history of prostate cancer and men at 40 with a family history, should seek annual assessments or screening in the form of a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test together with a Digital Rectal Examination

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Risk Factors and Symptoms

Individual risks for developing prostate cancer include: Family history Age Race Click here for the video, ‘What increases the risk of getting prostate cancer? The factors’. Australian researchers recently announced a world-first discovery. A gene that causes breast cancer can also cause prostate cancer. The confirmation of this new risk factor will help men determine

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A prostate biopsy is the taking of tissue samples from the prostate gland and examining them under a microscope for cancer cells. This can be done using either the transrectal or transperineal technique. Approximately 25 to 35% of patients having a biopsy will have cancer, depending upon their risk factors. Transperineal biopsy This technique is

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